A military history of Italy - download pdf or read online

By Ciro Paoletti

ISBN-10: 0275985059

ISBN-13: 9780275985059

This e-book follows Italy's army heritage from the overdue Renaissance in the course of the ultra-modern, arguing that its leaders have continuously regarded again to the ability of Imperial Rome as they sought to strengthen Italy's prestige and impression on the earth. As early because the overdue fifteenth century, Italian city-states performed vital roles in ecu conflicts. After unification in 1861, the army could turn into the nation's unifying strength, the melting pot of the kingdom. Italy's business after which colonial growth introduced it into the wars of the 20 th century. the increase of fascist circulate was once the disastrous outcome of Italy's hope for colonial and armed forces energy, a heritage that the state nonetheless confronts because it seeks to play a task in global politics.Wealthy, city Italy has regularly had nice political, cultural, and strategic significance for Europe. The leaders of its autonomous city-states intervened militarily in struggles one of the ecu powers to its north and west but additionally opposed to the increasing Muslim empires to its south and east. Italian tradition supported army innovation, constructing (for example) new fortifications and naval corporations. After centuries of department, which constrained Italy's strength opposed to the bigger, unified ecu countries, the army performed a big function within the nationalist unification of the full kingdom. fast industrialization undefined, and besides it Italy's forays into out of the country colonialism. Italy grew to become a huge energy, yet its flip to militant fascism in the course of its expansionist period maintains to hang-out its country and armed forces.

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A Turkish invasion force of 150 galleys and 106 transports fleet had landed 50,000 men in Cyprus. The garrison of Nicosia was overwhelmed after a forty-five-day siege. The entire garrison of 4,000 men was killed. Turkish troops entered the city, massacring the population. They killed 25,000 civilians and all the Venetian officials, who were tortured to death. They beheaded the city’s commander, Nicolo` Dandolo. Then the Turkish commander took the head to Famagosta—the other Venetian garrison—and showed it to the local Venetian commander.

Fighting for every inch, the walls of Candia gradually crumbled under cannonballs. Terrible general assaults carried on by tens of thousands of Turks involved hand-to-hand fighting on the walls, bloody sorties and counterattacks, and horrible close-quarter combat in deep and obscure galleries invaded by poisonous smoke. The defense of Candia became the nightmare of every combatant. Perhaps only World War I saw similar desperate sacrifice and cruel violence on its battlefields and in its trenches.

A French-born duke in Mantua could cut the Habsburg’s strategic nerve. Mantua was far from the French frontier, and Richelieu’s army needed a secure passage through the Alps and a supply base in northern Italy. Lombardy was Spanish, but Mantua owned Monferrat, which was in Piedmont. If France could obtain free passage across the Alps with permission of Savoy, it could establish a horizontal strategic line running from the Alps through Casale—the capital of Monferrat—to Mantua, cutting both the Spanish Road, very close to Casale, and the Mantua route.

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A military history of Italy by Ciro Paoletti

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